Sea Turtles of Sipadan Island

A visitor to Sipadan Island (or Pulau Sipadan as it is locally known) is sure to see an abundance of marine life including whirling schools of barracuda, roaming sharks, and of course, plenty of sea turtles. Sipadan dive operators often boast that turtle sitings are guaranteed on their tours, and those boasts are not often wrong. Yet sea turtle populations throughout Malaysia continue to struggle, meaning Sipadan’s turtles must be studied and enjoyed with care.

Turtle Species of Pulau Sipadan

Malaysia is home to four species of turtle according to the WWF-Malaysia website (“What we do>Species>Turtles”). These include the Leatherback, Olive ridley, and Hawksbill turtles. The most abundant species however is the Green turtle – a creature which is actually black brown or greenish yellow in color. Regardless of its color this magnificent animal can grow to be four feet long and is quite an exciting find when visiting Sipadan dive sites.

It may be hard to recognize that all of Malaysia’s turtle species are endangered when visiting Sipadan. According to SCUBA diver and travel writer Jack Jackson in his book Diving with Giants as many as 30 turtles can be seen on a single dive in the month of August. This is peak egg laying season but each species of turtle uses Pulau Sipadan as a nesting site year round.

Sipadan Dive Sites and the Turtle Cavern

Sipadan Island is surrounded by beautiful dive sites most of which are home to large sea turtles. According to the online diver’s resource Asia Dive Site under its “Malaysia: Sipadan” entry, dive sites such as Coral Gardens, South Point, North Point, and Turtle Patch are all excellent places to go for turtle sitings. However, Sipadan’s most famous dive site is probably Turtle Cavern. A dark labyrinth of caves, Turtle Cavern was once thought to be the place where Sipadan turtles go to die. The cavern’s floor is littered with turtle skeletons and carcasses.

Unfortunately, the truth behind the cavern is quite chilling. According to Jack Jackson in Diving with Sharks and Other Adventure Dives, turtles use caves to rest in, but some turtles venture too far into the tunnels and, no longer able to see the light at the entrance become lost. Unable to find their way out, the turtles cannot surface to breathe, and thus drown within the cave system.

Visitors hoping to dive Sipadan will find a unique site at Turtle Cavern. However divers should approach the cave with caution so they do not meet the same fate as the unfortunate lost turtles.

Sea Turtle Conservation on Sipadan Island

Unfortunately, caves aren’t the greatest threats to turtles in Malaysia. Humans hunting turtles, developing resorts on their nesting sites, and accidentally catching them in fishing nets has driven all four species of Malaysia turtle onto the endangered species list. Recognizing this, the Malaysian government has taken steps to conserve turtles near Sipadan.

Asia Dive Site writes that, Sipadan has been declared a national park. All resorts that were on the island have left and the number of visitors to the island are restricted. These decisions seem to have helped Sipadan’s marine life writes the Borneo Post in “Marine Life Galore at Sipadan Island Marine Park”. The article writes how the Sipadan Island Marine Park Scientific Expedition found turtle populations increased since 2005 with 50-60 turtles seen in one day near their feeding area.

Advertisements

The Biology of Belief by Bruce Lipton, Ph.D.

Lipton introduces in his book The Biology of Belief what he calls the new biology against the dogma of contemporary biology: DNA controls biological life. Ever since Darwin suggested in his 1859 book, The Origin of Species that “hereditary factors” passed from parent to child was the driving force for evolution, biologists were obsessed with the search for the hereditary mechanism that controlled life.

When the DNA structure and function were unveiled by James Watson and Francis Crick, the world was being taken by the rosy prospects of discovering the secrets of life. The power of DNA has grown from determining our physical characteristics, to controlling our emotions and behavior. The survival of the fittest individual is reflected in the survival of the fittest genes.

The New Biology

Against this traditional reductionist’s view of a competitive life, Lipton presents scientific evidences, including underrated old findings and exciting recent discoveries, that life is about co-operative harmony not only with other life forms, but also with the physical environment.

By expounding why and how “smart” cells, as Lipton calls them, can teach us about human mind and body, Lipton replaces the biological myths with the following conclusions:

  • Genes do not control biology in a fatalistic sense.
  • Cell membrane, instead of the DNA-containing nucleus, is the true brain of a cell.
  • The environment plays a decisive role in the behavior of cells despite the genetic codes.

How Thoughts Control Life

By explaining why quantum physics is relevant to biology, Lipton points out that the body, like the universe, is one indivisible whole with interchangeable energy and matter. Thoughts, the mind’s energy, directly influence the physical brain, long recognized as an electrical organ. The brain controls body’s physiology by activating or inhibiting proteins which in turn change the micro-environment of the cells and thus control cell functions.

Such biological consequences of thoughts or beliefs lead Lipton to call his book The Biology of Belief. The placebo effect is a prime example Lipton uses to explain the effects of mind over body. However, Lipton points out that reality is complicated by the operation of conscious and unconscious thoughts. The mere thinking of positive conscious thoughts against the more powerful unconscious programming does not change anything.

Lipton continues to illustrate the biological basis of negative thoughts, mostly related to the physiology of the flight and fight response triggered by fear. Such protective mechanism inhibits growth to conserve energy and resources for survival. The growth-inhibiting mode has profound effects on human development as far back as the time of conception. Lipton devotes a whole chapter called “Conscious Parenting: Parents as Genetic Engineers” about the importance of creating a healthy and happy environment – biologically, emotionally and physically – for the unborn children and infants.

What Lipton does not elaborate much is how an adult can undo the self-sabotaging unconscious programming to create a fulfilled life although he does mention in the Addendum that PSYCHE-K has helped him undo his self-limiting beliefs. The Biology of Belief is more a scientific exploration about how thoughts control life, rather than a self-help book with practicable steps to change one’s life.

Long Point Waterfowl A Leading Researcher: Ontario Organization Studies Waterfowl Issues

Based in Long Point, Ontario, Long Point Waterfowl is a non-profit, non-government organization dedicated to waterfowl and wetland-related research, conservation and training. Long Point Waterfowl also promotes Canada’s outdoor heritage.

Long Point Waterfowl was originally formed as Long Point Waterfowl and Wetlands Research Fund in the 1980s. Conservation-minded hunters at Bluff’s Club, a private hunting club on Long Point, were behind the efforts. Funding is still mainly from the Bluff’s Club members, but is also supported by Ducks Unlimited Canada, Waterfowl Research Foundation, Syndenham Conservation Foundation and the Ontario Federation of Anglers and Hunters.

The headquarters for Long Point Waterfowl is at Bird Studies Canada in Long Point, which is also the administrator.

The primary purpose of Long Point Waterfowl is to study the staging ecology and requirements of waterfowl on the lower Great Lakes. Long Point Waterfowl scientists also monitor trends in the distribution and abundance of waterfowl, research waterfowl habitat and provide information regarding waterfowl management.

Research results are published in scientific journals and presented at leading symposiums.

Long Point Waterfowl Research Centre

A former Ontario Youth Ranger Camp, Long Point Waterfowl leased this facility near Turkey Point as a place to host students and hold youth programs.

Youth Involvement In Conservation

One of the more unique events at Long Point Waterfowl is its young biologists workshop. This annual summer event is aimed at teenagers who are thinking of a future career as a biologist, conservation officers, wildlife technician or other related fields.

Participants learn about banding ducks, habitat, wildlife ecology, the role of hunting in conservation and a wide variety of other topics. The multi-day event includes meals and a stay at the Long Point Waterfowl Research Centre. Participants also learn about the educational requirements of future careers and hear from professionals in those fields.

Long Point Waterfowl also hosts a multi-day event where teenagers can stay at the centre and take all the training for their hunting certification.

Fund executive director Scott Petrie is also a teacher at the University of Western Ontario and sees that the students coming in don’t have the same background in the outdoors.

“Within our profession, people aren’t getting the training,” he said. “When I get a 22-year-old, they’re behind the eight-ball because they don’t have the passion.”

Research Projects at Long Point

Tundra swans are regular visitors to Long Point on their migration route from wintering grounds on the Atlantic seaboard to the high Arctic breeding grounds. Since little was known about these long-distant migrants, one of the first projects Petrie undertook was a satellite tracking study to learn more about tundra swan migration routes.

This was groundbreaking research, as such a study had never been undertaken with tundra swans in North America.

Resulting research has shown much about the swans, how much time they spent on migration, feeding habits along the way, when they arrive in the Arctic and much more. A map of the migration is available on Long Point Waterfowl’s web site

When a problem began to appear that numbers of lesser and greater scaup were declining relative to the health of other waterfowl species, Long Point Waterfowl again turned to satellite transmitters to learn more about the birds. This effort is still ongoing and is part of a cooperative venture between several research organizations investigating the problem.

Another major research initiative looked at the historical abundance and distribution of phragmites at Long Point. This tall grass with feather-like tops, an invasive species, was rapidly expanding at Long Point and displacing native vegetation. Research showed it is less preferable as waterfowl habitat than native vegetation. Other researchers have since identified it is a problem at other locations in Southwestern Ontario.

A current study is looking at the expanding population of Greater Sandhill Cranes in Ontario and the impact on agriculture.

Bruce Lipton’s The Biology of Belief: A Look at Unleashing the Power of Consciousness, Positive Thought

In the Biology of Belief, Bruce Lipton lays a scientific foundation that positive thoughts are a biological mandate for a happy, healthy life.

Bruce Lipton, Ph.D., is a cell biologist and his book The Biology of Belief: Unleashing the Power of Consciousness, Matter & Miracles is about how his work with cells led him to believe that genes and DNA do not control a person’s biology.

Rather, Lipton claims that signals from outside the cell, including the energy from positive and negative thoughts, control biology.

Lipton’s Theory on Cell Receptors

All cells have receptors that respond to their environment. For example, receptors detect estrogen, insulin, histamines, etc., which is how these substances affect the body’s cells. But not only do a cell’s receptors respond to physical substances, they also respond to vibrational energy fields such as light, sound, and radio frequencies.

Lipton’s research with cells led him to the conclusion that it is not the DNA in the cell’s nucleus that “programs” the cell, as traditionally believed, but the signals that come in through the cell’s receptors. That is, the physical and energetic environment controls the life of a cell.

Biology and Quantum Physics

According to quantum physics, physical atoms are made up of spinning, vibrating vortices of energy. Each atom has its own specific energy signature, and collections of atoms (molecules) have their own identifying energy patterns. All physical matter is made up of molecules, including human beings, and each piece of matter (or person) radiates its own unique energy signature.

Lipton points out that because Western biologists have ignored the energy component while focusing on the physical things that affect cells. Lipton claims that they have arrogantly dismissed 3,000 years of effective Eastern medicine as unscientific, even though it’s actually based on a deeper understanding of the universe. Lipton goes on to say that, “vibrational frequencies can alter the physical and chemical properties of an atom as surely as physical signals like histamine and estrogen.”

Thoughts and Perceptions

Lipton claims that cells respond to vibrational frequencies. Thoughts and perceptions are vibrational frequencies; therefore, cells respond to thoughts and perceptions. The problem is that not all a person’s thoughts and learned perceptions are accurate.

Biologically speaking, human brains have the ability to rapidly download “an unimaginable number of beliefs and behaviors into our memory.” The subconscious minds of young children become programmed with the fundamental behaviors, beliefs, and attitudes that are observed in their parents. These programs control a person’s biology for the rest of their lives, unless they consciously figure out a way to reprogram the mind.

A stimulus automatically engages the behavioral response that was learned when the signal was first experienced. Although the conscious mind can observe what is happening and step in and change the behavior, a person must be fully conscious. This can be difficult, which is why willpower so often fails.

Methods for Changing Perceptions

Although the Biology of Belief explains the science of why thoughts and perceptions are important, and even notes that a person can choose what to see, and choosing to look at negative rather than the positive aspects of life makes a person susceptible to disease,

Lipton doesn’t actually get into how to change thoughts and perceptions. However, many methods are available today to change beliefs, including Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT), the Sedona Method or Abundance Course (also known as Lester Levenson’s Release Technique), Ho’oponopono, the Work of Byron Katie, and PSYCH-K.

Lipton concludes that because controlling perceptions equal beliefs, beliefs control biology. And that leads to the conclusions that learning to harness you mind to promote growth is the secret of life, and positive thoughts are a biological mandate for a happy, healthy life.